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Thomas Müntzer Thomas Müntzer`s signature THOMAS MÜNTZER - IMAGES AND MAPS

All images on this page are clickable to display larger...

Set out below, we have a magpie collection of photos, maps and paintings, which we hope will instruct and entertain.

First and foremost, the two images to the left. The signature in the lower image is, of course, Müntzer's.
The main image is used as the template for almost every other picture of Müntzer that you will find. Alas, it is not a contemporaneous portrait - it is an etching made in 1608 by one Christoffel van Sichem; his engraving may or may not have been a copy of a picture made by Hans Holbein the Younger, when the latter was resident in Basel. Unfortunately, all evidence suggests that Holbein had left for France some months before Müntzer turned up in Basel in late 1524.
Another, even fainter, possibility is that the original portrait was made by one of the 'three godless painters' (oh yes!) of Nuremberg, when Müntzer was (maybe) in that city in late 1524. Why the three painters were considered 'godless' is another story - but click here if you wish to know more. Like Müntzer...
It really is all very speculative. But it's all we have.
Given this uncertainty, German chroniclers of an earlier era were quite happy to draw on their own creativity - here on the right is an image which is captioned this prophet looks quite like Thomas Müntzer...


  • Müntzer Statue in Zwickau
  • Cover of the German Church Office
  • Panorama-Museum at Frankenhausen
  • Müntzer Statue in Mühlhausen
  • Allstedt Castle
  • Map of the Peasants War
  • Mühlhausen in the 17th century
  • Müntzer Statue in Stolberg
  • Prague Manifesto
  • Diorama model of TM

Views, maps, statues and much, much more.


Navigate to a selection of images by clicking on an Navigate icon next to the list below.
Click hereViews of towns, castles and churches
Click here Maps
Click here Statues and similar
Click here Commemorative stuff
Click here Books and Letters

Within each selection, simply click on the image to view it full-size.


Views of towns, castles and churches.
Here is a view (from 18th or 19th century?) of the castle above the small town of Allstedt in Thuringia, where Müntzer preached in 1523 and 1524. On the right, the castle as it appears today. It was in this castle that Müntzer preached his famous 'Sermon to the Princes'. Allstedt Castle     Allstedt Castle today
The image appearing to the right is a view (ca. 1650) of the town of Mühlhausen in Thuringia, scene of Müntzer's final activity. Muhlhausen Banner
Two pictures of Zwickau - the one of the market-place (ca. 1850), the other of St Catherine's Church, where Müntzer preached in 1520-21 (you can see M's statue just in front of it) Zwickau 1850     St Katharine
A photograph of Count Ernst of Mansfeld's residence at Heldrungen - this is where Müntzer was held captive after the defeat at Frankenhausen (possibly - but not necessarily - in the rounded tower on the left) Heldrungen
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Maps.
This is a rough map of Thuringia, indicating the location of Müntzer's main places of activity.
For a more detailed map, using GoogleMaps and centred on Mühlhausen, click here.
Thuringia
The first map to the right indicates the main theatres of the whole South German 'Peasants War'. The second map shows the course of the 1525 uprising in Thuringia. Bauernkrieg     Peasant War
This one shows the march-routes taken by the Princes' army approaching Frankenhausen (courtesy Doug Miller). Saxony
This map, drawn in the 19th century, gives a detailed view of the patchwork of land-ownership at around 1500. Thuringia 1485
And this one shows the Ernestine/Albertine split in the ruling house of Saxony, after 1485. Saxony
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Statues and similar.
Four statues of Müntzer: the one on the left stands in Mühlhausen; the second is in his birthplace, Stolberg; the third (pretty jaunty!) is in Zwickau; the one on the right depicts Müntzer in captivity, at Heldrungen Muhlhausen     Stolberg     Zwickau     Heldrungen
This house in Stolberg stands on the spot of the house he was born in (the original house burned down in 1851).
To the right of it, a plaque commemorating his stay in Wittenberg.
Birthplace     Wittenberg
At Frankenhausen, scene of the final battle in 1525, there is now a museum dedicated to the Peasants' War in Thuringia. This image is one of several huge murals there, painted by Werner Tübke. Frankenhausen Panorama
Professor Douglas Miller has created this tiny figurine of Thomas Müntzer (6cm high), as part of a diorama of the battle of Frankenhausen. Doug Miller's Thomas Müntzer figurine
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Commemorative stuff.
He has appeared on banknotes - here, a 5-Mark note from East Germany, issued in 1975, 450th anniversary of the Peasants' War; and been commemorated on medals (East Germany, 1989)... 5 Mark note     1989 medal
...and on some postage stamps from East Germany, 1975 and 1989 Stamp sheet     77pfg stamp
A replica of the famous "Rainbow Banner" said to have been carried by Müntzer at the battle of Frankenhausen 77pfg stamp
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Books and letters.
The first image to the right is of the title page of Müntzer's main liturgical work, the 'German Church Service' of 1523.
The second image is the title page of his 1524 pamphlet 'Protestation or Proposition'.
Note that both of these documents were printed locally, in Allstedt.
Deutsch kirchen ampt     Protestation
An incomplete facsimile of a letter from Ottilie von Gersen (Müntzer`s wife) to Duke Georg, 19th August 1525. It is not in her handwriting, but is a copy made by a contemporary secretary in the court of Landgrave Philipp of Hesse. The first three words read 'Durchlauchter hochgebornen Fürst' - Illustrious high-born Prince... - you can work out the rest for yourself! Ottilie`s letter
The title-page of Martin Luther's pamphlet - A Shocking History and Judgement of God on Thomas Müntzer - which appeared just before the Battle of Frankenhausen. This was the first in a long, long line of Lutheran pamphlets demonising Müntzer.
Alongside that, the title-page of Müntzer's Confession of May 1525, which was gleefully printed in at least seven different editions after his execution.
Shocking History     Confession
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