BACKGROUND MATERIALS and LINKS

Items marked with an open book click here to open full text are digital copies stored on this website. Items marked with an arrow click here to open link in new tab are stored on other websites (for older texts, this is usually Google Books). Click on either the book or the arrow to access the material.


Editions and Sources

click here to open link in new tab Benyovszky Memoirs 1790 edition - Printed in two volumes:
click here to open link in new tabVolume I and
click here to open link in new tab Volume II
click here to open link in new tab Ippolit Stepanov's account (as contained in the second volume of the German translation of the Memoirs of 1791, pp.283-292)
click here to open link in new tab Benyovsky's Memoirs - French edition of 1791
click here to open full text Ivan Ryumin's account of the voyage from Kamchatka to Macao. In Russian. (First published 1822)
click here to open link in new tab Mor Jokai's Hungarian biography of Benyovszky and edition of his Memoirs (1888)

Contemporary Documents

click here to open link in new tab Stepan Krashenninikov's description of the Kamchatka peninsula and Kuril islands, dating from the 1750s. (1764)
click here to open link in new tab The French explorer Fayd'herbe de Maudave's account of his attempts to colonise Madagascar in the 1768.
click here to open link in new tab Nathaniel Barlow's account (1771) of the arrival of Benyovszky in Macao.
click here to open link in new tab Thesby de Belcour's description of his service in the Polish war against Russia. (1776)
click here to open link in new tab Captain James Cook's encounter with Gerasim Izmailov on the Aleutian islands in September 1778. (pp.455-464)
click here to open link in new tab William Coxe's 1780 history of Russian Far East exploration.
click here to open link in new tab The French explorer Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen's account (1782) of Benyovszky's activities on Madagascar. (pp.154ff)
click here to open link in new tab Abbé Alexis Rochon's account (1793) of Benyovszky's activities in Macao and Madagascar (pp.206-264)

Critiques and Reviews

click here to open link in new tab Review of the Memoirs in The Gentleman's Magazine Vol.60 1790 (pp.725ff)
click here to open link in new tab Review of the Memoirs in The Scots Magazine Vol.52 1790 (pp.318ff, 369ff, 445ff)
click here to open link in new tab Lajos Kropf's review of Pasfield Oliver's 1893 edition of Benyovszky's Memoirs. Contains useful background information on Benyovszky. Spread over two volumes of the journal Notes & Queries -
click here to open link in new tabVolume 6, pp.481-483;
click here to open link in new tabVolume 7, pp.4f, 63f, 141f, 243f, 322f, 403f, 463f
click here to open link in new tab Hungarian historian Vilmos Voigt's article (2007) summarising the critical literature on Benyovszky and including a useful bibliography (pp.207ff)

Biographies and Studies

click here to open link in new tab German Lefèvre-Pontalis' report on Benyovszky and the fictitious Russian Invasion of Japan - an article published in France in 1889.
click here to open link in new tab Prosper Cultru's in-depth analysis of Benyovszky's Madagascan and European adventures (1906)
click here to open link in new tab V.I.Stein's investigation into 'The Self-Proclaimed Emperor of Madagascar' (1908). In Russian. Contains much relevant material concerning the participants in the escape from Kamchatka. Published in two parts:
click here to open link in new tab 1; and click here to open link in new tab 2.
click here to open link in new tab Professor Ian Inkster's article on Benyovszky's (doubtful) activities on Formosa (2010)
click here to open link in new tab Dr. Patrik Kunec's article on the Benyovszky brothers' activities in the American War of Independence (2010)

Sundry genealogical & biographical stuff

click here to open link in new tab Maurice Benyovsky's baptismal record of 1746 - look for the very last entry at the foot of the right-hand page...
click here to open link in new tab Genealogy profile of Maurice Benyovszky
click here to open link in new tab Copy of document making Benyovszky a "Count" - official Imperial document from April 1778 (in Latin and Hungarian)
click here to open link in new tab Benyovszky family-tree (as defined by Mor Jokai in 1891)
click here to open link in new tab The Benyovszky family-tree on Slovak peerage genealogy website...
click here to open link in new tab Anna Hönsch's death record of 1826 - the very last entry at the foot of the right-hand page... "Debilitas senectutis" - died of old age.

Other Links

click here to open link in new tab The German playwright August von Kotzebue who wrote a play about Benyovszky. (Wikipedia entry)
click here to open link in new tab Some information (IMDB) about the Hungarian-Czech TV series on Benyovszky (1975)
click here to open link in new tab Commemorative coin issued by the National Bank of Slovakia in 1996.
click here to open link in new tab Hungarian website dedicated to [activities celebrating] Benyovszky's life.
click here to open link in new tab English-language Wikipedia entry for Benyovszky.
click here to open link in new tab Polish-language Wikipedia entry for Benyovszky.
click here to open link in new tab Slovak Wikipedia entry for Benyovszky.
click here to open link in new tab A somewhat partisan entry in the on-line Slovakopedia (Slovakia)