This is a bidirectional English-Volapük dictionary. Quick links:

A, Ä, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Ö, P, Q, R, S, T, U, Ü, V, W, X, Y, Z


VOCABULARY


Volapük words are printed in heavy type.

Words which have the same spelling and the same meaning, both in Volapük and in English, are printed in ITALIC CAPITALS.

Words of the same meaning which happen to be next each other in the alphabetical arrangement are bracketed (Many derivativs, formed by adding syllables, are placed under the radical, and abbreviated by dropping the radical. See remarks on page 46.

When an English word is defined by several Volapük words the distinction between these must be found by looking them up in succession.

 

A

a, by ; a tel, by twos ;

a del, per day.

ab, but (conjunction).

to be able, kanön.

about, dö, za.

abundance, bundan.

academy, kadem.

to accept, lasumön.

to accompany, kopanön.

according to, segun.

to accuse, kusadön.

acid, züd.

act, dun[am].

to act, dunön.

adelo, to-day.

address, ladet, -ön,

lenpük, -ön.

adherent, züpel.

adieu, adyö.

adjectiv, ladyek.

admonition, monedam.

to advance, födön.

advantage, bizug.

advice, konsäl.

adyö ! adieu !

affair, din.

Africa, Fikop.

African, fikopik, fikopel.

after, na, po, pos.

again, denu.

against, ta.

age, bäled.

agreeable, plidik.

agreement, balam.

ai, constantly, habitually.

aim, zeil.

air, lut.

al, to.

alik, every.

alim, every one.

alive, lifik.

all, valik.

almanac, kaled.

almost, ti.

along, ve.

alphabet, lafab.

already, ya.

also, so, thus.

also, i.

alteration, vot (-ön), votam.

although, do.

America, Melop, (-ik, -el).

among, bevü,

amount, suäm.

and, e.

angel, lanel.

angle, gul.

angry, zunik.

animal, nim.

anik, some.

to announce, nunön.

to annul, nosön.

another, votik.

ans, some [people].

answer, gesag, gepük.

to answer, gesagön, gepükön.

ape, lep.

apod, apple.

to appear, jinön.

appetite, pötit.

apple, apod.

appropriate, pötik.

{April, folul,

apul.}

arbitrary, vülik.

arch, bob.

archbishop, lebijop.

arithmetic, kalav.

arm, lam.

army, milit.

around, zi.

article, laltüg.

artillery, känem.

as, as, in the capacity of.

as, as, äs.

to ascend, xänön.

ascent, xän.

to be ashamed, jemön.

Asia, Silop.

to ask, säkön.

ass, cuk.

assembly, lasam.

assistance, yüf.

to assure, föserön.

to be astonished, stunön.

at, this, this one.

at, len.

ataflano, on this side.

to attach, yümön.

to attend, senitön.

attention, senit.

August, jölul.

Australia, Talop.

Austria, Löstakin.

author, lautel.

authority, riget.

Autumn, flukatim.

avarice, monäl.

avaricious, monälik.

to avoid, vitön.

to await, valadön.

ayelo, this year.

Back to top...

Ä

ädelo, yesterday.

äl, towards.

äs, as, similarly to.

Back to top...

B

ba, perhaps.

bachelor, nepematel.

back, bäk.

{bad

badik.}

bafö ! bravo !

bafom, uniformity.

bag, sak.

{to bake,

bakön.}

bal, one, 1.

-ad, union.
-am, agreement.
-ik, simple.
-ön, to unite.

balib, beard.

balid, first.

balna, once.

bals, ten.

balsid, tenth.

balul, January.

balüdel, Sunday.

bam, bench.

ban, bath.

bank, leböb.

baon, nobility (of birth).

-el, nobleman, baron.

bap, lowness.

barrel, tub.

bath, ban.

battle, pug.

bäk, back.

bälat, pasture.

bäled, age, old age.

-an, old man.
-ik, old.
-at, antiquity.
-atik, antiquated.

to be, binön.

beard, balib.

beat, happincss.

-ik, happy.

beautiful, jönik.

beauty, jön.

to become, vedön.

BED.

bee, bien.

beer, bil.

before, bifü, bufü, büfü.

beforehand, biseo.

befulön, to fill (an order).

to beg, lubegön.

beg, request.

begin, beginning.

-ön, to begin.

to begin, beginön.

beginning, begin.

behind, po.

behold, ekö !

bei, by, passing.

beit, bite, -ön.

bekip, keeping.

-ön, to keep.

bekön, to beseech.

bel, mountain.

Belgium, Beljän.

belief, klöd.

to believe, klödön.

Beljän, Belgium.

bell, glök.

to belong, lönön [eke].

ben, grace.

bench, bam.

to bend, blegön.

benovip, congratulation.

to beseech, bekön.

beside, nebü.

besides, plä.

betikälam, enthusiasm.

between, bevü.

bevü, between, among.

bevünetik, international.

{Bib,

Bible.}

bid, kind, sort.

biedik, bitter.

bien, bee.

bifü, before (in place).

bigik, thick.

bijop, bishop.

bijut, jewel.

bil, beer.

bill of exchange, cänapened.

bim, tree.

binön, to be.

bird, böd.

biseo, beforehand.

bishop, bijop.

bisiedal, president (of Republic).

bisiedel, president (of a Society).

bisilab, prefix (foresyllable).

bit, process.

bite, beit.

Bitterness, bied.

bizug, advantage.

-am, preference.
-ön, to prefer.

black, blägik.

{blam, -ön,

blame.}

blä- (prefix), black-.

blägik, black.

ble- (prefix), short-,

bled, leaf (of tree or paper).

blefik, short, brief

blegön, to bend.

bleinik, blind.

blekön, to break.

bletimo, a short time ago

blibön, to remain.

blig, duty.

-ik, obligatory.

blim, equipment.

blind, bleinik.

blinön, to bring.

blod, brother.

-ät, fraternity.
-ik, fraternal.

blonik, brown.

blood, blud.

blöf, proof.

blöt, breast.

blud, blood.

blue, yulibik.

bluf, test.

blüf, trial.

blünön, to deliver, supply.

bo, doubtless.

boad, wood.

boat, bot.

bob, bow, arch.

bod, bread.

bodily, kopik.

body, kop.

bofik, both.

bog, box.

bolit, politics.

-el, politician.

bom, bone.

bond, fetan.

bone, bom.

boned, order, subscription.

-ön, to order, subscribe.

book, buk.

boot, but.

bos, something.

bot, boat.

both, bofik.

bottle, flad.

bov, dish.

box, bog.

boy, pul.

böd, bird.

bölad, burden.

böset, noise.

bötel, waiter.

bravo! bafo !

bread, bod.

to break, blekön.

breast, blöt.

bridge, pon.

brief, blefik.

brilliance, nid (-ik).

brilliancy, klat.

to bring, blinön.

{brokel,

broker}

brother, blod.

brown, blonik.

bufü, before (in precedence)

to build, bumön.

buk, book.

bumön, to build.

bun, leap.

-ön, to leap.

bundan, abundance.

burden, bölad.

bureau, bür.

to burn, filedön.

business, jäf.

but, ab, sod.

but, boot.

butter, mileg.

button, gnob.

büd, command, order, -ön.

büfü, before (in time).

bük, impression.

-ön, to print.
-el, printer.

bür, bureau, office.

by, a, bei, fa, dub.

by means of, dub.

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C

cal, office (function).

-el, all official, functionary.
-ik, official (adjectiv).

calculation, kalam.

calendar, kaled.

to call, vokön.

to call back, gevokön.

can, merchandise.

I can, kanob.

Canada, Kanadän.

candor, känüd.

capable, fägik.

capital, katad.

captain, katan.

card, kad.

care, käl, kud.

carriage, vab.

to carry, polön.

case, fal.

cash, käd.

castle, kased.

cat, kat.

to catch, fanön.

Catholic, katolik.

cause, kod.

cäd, distinction, eminence.

cäl, employment, situation.

-am, appointment, inauguration into office.

cän, exchange (of money).

-apened, bill of exchange.

cedön, to consider, deem.

cek, check (draft).

cellar, kav.

cem, room.

cen, change, variation. -ön.

cent, sentab.

central, zenodik.

centre, zenod.

century, yeltum.

chair, stul.

champagne, jamänavin.

change, cen.

to change, cenön.

chance, fäd.

character, kalad.

cheap, nedelidik.

cheese, fömad.

check, cek.

chemist, kiemavel.

chemistry, kiemav.

cherished, divik.

chess, cög.

chestnut, kätan.

chief, cif.

child, cil.

China, Cinän.

chivalry, montiäl.

Christian, krit, kritik.

church, glüg.

cif, chief, director.

cigar, zigad.

cil, child.

cin, machine.

Cinän, China.

cinüfad, mechanism.

cipher, züf.

circuit, züm.

cit, deception, -ön.

civilization, kuliv.

class, klad.

clerk, konodel.

climate, klüm.

clock, glok.

to close, jötön.

cloth, klöf.

clothes, klots.

club, klub.

coarse, globik.

coat, gun.

coffee, kaf.

cog, joke.

coin, kön.

cold, kalod.

to collect, konletön.

collection, konlet.

colony, kolun.

color, köl.

column, kolüm.

combat, komip.

to come, kömön.

command, büd.

commerce, ted.

common, tugedik.

company, kopanöm.

compassion, kelied.

to compose, lautön.

to compel, mütön.

complaint, plon.

complete, lefulnik.

compliment, plim, -ön.

complimentary, plimik.

to concentrate, kezenodön.

concerning, .

condition, stip.

conduct, kodöt.

to confess, koefön.

confession, koef.

confidence, konfid.

confusion, kofud.

conflagration, filed.

congratulation, benovip.

Congress, kongef.

connection, fetan.

conscience, kosien.

consequence, klud, sek.

to consider, cedön.

consideration, konsid.

consolation, tlod.

consul, konsal.

to consume, kösumön.

contented, kotenik.

contentment, koten.

contents, nin.

continuation, fov.

to continue, fovön.

to convalesce, saunön.

conversation, musam.

to convince, suadön.

cook, kukel.

to cook, kukön.

copper, koped.

copy, samad, depenäd.

cordial, ladlik.

corner, gul.

corpse, fun.

to correct, menodön.

correction, menod, menodam.

to correspond, spodön.

correspondence, spod, spodam.

costly, delidik.

to count, numön.

counting-room, konod.

cotton, kotin.

country, laned, län.

courage, lanim.

cousin, kösel.

cover, teg, -ön.

cow, kun.

coward, temipel.

cöd, justice.

-el, judge.
-ön, to judge.

cög, chess

cötif, responsibilily.

cradle, kled.

to create, jafön.

creation, jaf, jafam.

credit, klödat.

crime, klim.

critic, krütel.

criticism, krüt.

crown, klon.

cuk, ass.

culture, kuliv.

cun, fast, abstinence from food.

cup, köp.

a curiosity, makab.

custom, kösöm.

cut, köt.

cün, chin.

Back to top...

D

da, through (literally).

dabal, singleness.

daduk, education (-ön).

dagik, dark, obscure.

dalogön, to perceive.

dalön, to dare.

DAM.

damage, däm.

damat, drama.

dan, thanks.

-ön [eke], to thank.

dance, danüd.

danger, pölig.

danüd, dance

to dare, dalön.

dark, dagik.

das, that (conjunction).

dat, that, in order that.

date, dät, -ön.

datuv, invention.

day, del.

däl, permission.

-ön, to permit.

däm, damage.

dät, date, -ön.

de, from.

deaf, sud.

dear, delidik, löfik.

death, deil.

deb, debt,

-ön, to owe.
-ik, due.

debt, deb.

deceit, cit.

to deceive, citön.

December, batul (balsetelul).

to decline, deklinön.

decoration, dek.

dedil, portion, department.

deep, dibik.

def, lack, deficiency.

defect, döf.

deficiency, def.

definit, fümik.

degol, departure.

deil, death.

-ön, to die.

dek, decoration.

dekal, discount.

deklinön, to decline (grammatically).

dekul = batul.

del, day.

delay, fezog.

delägön, to depend.

delicate, zadik.

delidik, dear, costly.

to deliver, blünön.

demag, portrait.

demal, emblem.

{deman, -ön.

demand.}

dem[ü], on account of, by reason of.

den, sword.

deno, nevertheless, still.

denu, again.

depad, dispatch.

departure, degol.

depenäd, copy, transcript.

depenön, to copy, to transcribe.

to depend, delägön.

depth, dib.

derivation, licin.

desän, design (intention).

to deserve, melidön.

desid, desire, -ön.

design, desän, desin.

desin, design (premeditation).

desire, desid.

despair, dev.

destination, disein.

det, right (hand).

{detail, retail,

detül}

Deut, Germany.

-ik, German.

dev, despair.

devoted, divodik.

devotion, divod.

dib, depth.

-ik, deep.

dictionary, vödasbuk

to die, deilön.

dif, difference.

-ik, different

difference, dif.

difficult, fikulik.

difficulty, fikul.

diffusion, pakam.

dig, worthiness, -ik.

dignity, dinit.

dik, dictation.

dikod, quarrel.

dil, part.

dilek, administration.

-el, director.

din, thing, affair.

-amaf, proportion.

dinit, dignity.

{diped,

diploma.}

to direct one's self, lüodön.

director, cif, dilekel.

dis, down.

discount, rabat, dekal.

disease, maläd.

disein, destination.

dish, bov.

dishonor, nestim, -ön.

disislifön, to slide down.

disopen, signature.

-ön, to subscribe.

dispatch, depad.

distin, distinction (between things).

-ön, to distinguish.

distinction, cäd, distin.

disturbance, tup (-ön).

div, treasure.

-ik, cherished, esteemed.

divod, devotion.

-ik, devoted.

dlan, shove, push, -ön.

dled, fear, -ön.

dlefön, to hit.

dlemön, to tremble.

dlen, tear.

-ön, to weep.

dlim, dream, -ön.

dlin, drink, -ön.

do, though.

to do, dunön.

doab, dollar, $.

dob, duplicity.

-ik, false.

doctor, dokel.

doer, dunel.

DOG.

dokel, doctor.

dol, grief.

dollar, doab.

dom, house.

donation, legiv.

door, yan.

dot, doubt, -ön.

dot, pünil.

doubt, dot, -ön.

down, dis.

, of, about, concerning.

döbik, wrong, incorrect.

dödel = lulüdel.

döf, fault, defect.

dök, duck.

döl, idea.

draft, tlat.

drama, damat.

to draw, zugön.

dream, dlim, -ön.

drink, dlin, -ön.

{drol,

drollery.}

drop, tof.

du, during, while.

dub, through, by means of.

dugön, to guide, direct.

duin, efficiency.

-ön, to effect, perform.

duke, dük.

dukiel, guide.

dukön, to guide, lead.

dul, duration.

-ik, durable.
-ön, to last.

dumb, muedik.

dun, act.

-ön, to do, act.
-el, doer.

dut, industry, application.

-ik, industrious.

duplicity, dob.

durable, dulik.

duration, dul.

during, du.

dustod, industry.

-ik, industrial.

duty, blig.

,,duzukön,’’ to flash through.

düfik, hard.

dük, duke.

dülin, steel.

dünan, servant.

dünön, to serve.

düp, hour.

düv, appraisal.

to dwell, lödön.

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E

e, and.

ear, lil.

earth, tal.

ease, nefikul.

east, lefüd.

easy, nefikulik.

to eat, fidön.

eb, ebo, just, just now.

edelo, day before yesterday.

edition, segivam.

editor, redakel.

to educate, dadukön.

educated, estudik.

education, daduk[am].

effeminate, luvomik.

egelo, always.

egg, nög.

eight, jöl.

either, uf.

ek, somebody, someone.

ekö ! behold !

ekusi ! see there !

to elect, välön, sevälön.

electricity, lektin.

elephant, nelfan.

emblem, demal.

emperor, limep.

to employ, cälön.

employee, pecälel.

empty, vagik.

end, fin.

endeavor, steif, -ön.

to endure, sufön.

England, Nelij (-el, -ik).

to engrave, gavön.

to enjoy, juitön.

enough, sätik.

enthusiasm, betikälam.

envelope, köv.

equal, leigik.

equality, leig.

equipment, blim.

equity, git.

to erect, leblimön.

to establish, stabön.

esteem, stüm.

esteemed, divik.

estudik, educated.

et, that (demonstrativ).

eternity, tenal.

Europe, Yulop.

European, yulopik, yulopel.

evelo, ever.

even, sägo.

evening, vendel.

ever, evelo.

every, alik.

every one, alim.

examination, xam (-ön).

example, sam.

except, sesumü.

exception, sesum.

exchange, cän, tök, -ön.

to excuse, sekusadön.

exercise, pläg.

to exist, sibinön.

existence, sibin.

expenditure, segiv.

to explain, seplänön.

explanation, seplän.

eye, log.

Back to top...

F

fa, by (agent).

{fab,

fable.}

fablüd, manufactory.

fact, jen.

fad, thread.

fag, remoteness.

-ik, far, distant.

fairy, feof.

faithful, fiedik.

fal, fan, case.

-ön, to fall.
-o, in case.

fan, fal.

to fan, falön.

false, dobik.

{fam,

fame.}

{family,

famül.}

fancy, fan.

fanön, to catch.

far, fagik.

to fast, cunön.

to fasten, yümön.

fat, father.

fat, pin, pinik, pien, pienik.

fate, fät.

fatel, grandfather.

father, fat.

to fatigue, fenön.

fault, döf, pök.

favor, gön, -ön.

fäd, chance, accident.

fägik, capable.

fälo, further, any more.

fälön, to overturn, cause to fall.

fän, fancy.

fät, fate.

fe, indeed.

fear, dled, -ön.

feb, trade, profession.

February, telul.

febul = telul.

{ fed,

federation, league.}

to feel, senön.

fefik, serious.

fein, fineness, -ik.

feit, fight, -ön.

fek, affection.

fel, field.

fellow-worker, kevobel.

feminin, jilik.

fenig, one-hundredth of a mark, pfennig.

fenön, to weary, fatigue.

feof, fairy.

fertile, fetik.

festival, zäl.

festun, wreath.

fet, fertility.

fetan, bond, connexion.

-amal, hyphen.

fever, fif.

few, nemödik.

fezog, delay.

fiam, firm-name.

fib, weakness, -ik.

fid, food.

-ön, to eat.

fiedik, faithful.

field, fel, feil.

fien, interest (on money).

fif, fever.

fifth, luldil ; 1/5, lulid.

fikul, difficulty, -ik.

fil, fire.

filed, fire, conflagration, burning (of an house).

fight, feit, -ön.

Fikop, Africa, -ik.

filedön, to burn.

to fill (an order), befulön.

fimik, firm.

fin, end.

-ik, final.

final, finik.

{finan,

finance.}

finap, toe.

to find, tuvön.

fine, feinik.

fineness, fein.

{fined,

finger.}

fire, fil, filed.

firm, fimik, fiam.

first, balid.

{fish,

fit.}

five, lul.

flad, bottle.

{flam, -ön,

flame.}

flan, side, page.

flapön, to strike.

to flash through, ,,duzukön.’’

{flattery,

flät.}

to flee, fugön.

flekön, to bend.

flen, friend,

-ik, -ly.
-üg, friendship.

Flent, France.

-el, Frenchman.
-ik, French.
-apük, French [language].

flesh, mid.

flidel = mälüdel.

flifik, fresh.

flight, flit.

flit, flight.

-ön, to fly.
-ad, wing.

flock, jep.

flol, flower.

-atim, spring [time].

{flon,

florin.}

flotön, to freeze (transitiv).

flour, meil.

flower, flol.

fluk, fruit.

-atim, autumn.

flul, floor.

flum, river.

flun, influence, -ön.

to fly, flitön.

foetäbs, savages.

foetik, wild.

fogin, foreign country

-el, foreigner.

fok, fork.

fol, four.

foldil, fourth, 1/4, quarter.

to follow, sukön.

fom, form, -ön.

fon, spring (of water).

fonetig, phonetics.

food, fid, zib.

fool, fop.

foot, fut.

fop, fool.

for, plo, pla, demü, du.

force, näm.

foreign, foginik.

foreigner, foginel.

forest, fot.

to forget, fögetön.

to forgive, fögivön.

forgiveness, fögiv.

fork, fok.

form, fom, -ön.

fortunate, läbik.

fot, forest, woods.

four, fol.

fourth, 1/4, foldil.

fov, continuation.

-ön, to continue.
-ik, immediate.
-iko, immediately, "right away."

föd, furthering, advancing,

-ön.

föget, oblivion.

-ön, to forget.

fögiv, forgiveness (-ön).

fömad, cheese.

fön, stove.

fösefön, to assure.

{fran,

franc.}

France, Flent.

fraternity, blodät.

to freeze, flotön.

French, flentik.

the French language, flentapük.

Frenchman, flentel.

frequent, ofenik.

fresh, flifik.

friend, flen.

friendly, flenik.

friendship, flenüg.

fright, tlep.

to frighten, tlepön.

FROG.

from, de.

frugal, spälik.

fruit, fluk.

fugön, flee.

{full,

fulik.

fun, corpse.

-ön, to kill.

furniture, möbs.

further, fälo.

fut, foot.

future (adjectiv) , füdik.

{future (noun),

füden.}

füdik, future, coming.

fümik, definit.

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G

ga, indeed.

gad, garden.

-el, gardener.

galön, to watch.

gan, goose.

garden, gad.

gardener, gadel.

garment, klot.

gas, gasin.

gased, newspaper.

gasin, gas.

gav, engraving (the art).

gäl, joy.

-od, pleasure.
-önok, to rejoice.

geb, use, -ön.

gedik, gray.

geil, hight.

-ik, high.

gel, organ (musical).

gelüt, inheritance.

gen, gender.

genal, genera, (officer).

gender, gen.

general, valemik, genal.

generous, givik.

{genial, a man of

genius.}

gentle, molik.

gepük, reply, -ön.

German, deutik, deutel.

Germany, Deut.

gesag, answer, -ön.

gesture, vineg.

get, reception,

-ön, to receive,

getapenäd, receipt, voucher.

gevokön, to call back.

git, right, equity.

gift, giv.

giv, gift.

-ik, generous.
-ön [bosi eke], to give.

to give, givön [bosi eke].

glad, ice.

glamat, grammar.

glass, glät, glätik.

glatik, gratultous.

glät, glass.

-ik, [made of] glass.

gle- (prefix), great.

gleinön, to grind.

gleip, grasp, -ön.

glen, grain.

glet, greatness.

-ik, great.

glezif, great city.

glid, greeting.

-ön, to greet, to salute.

glif, grief.

to glitter, nidön.

globe, glöp.

globik, coarse.

glof, vegetable substance.

-ön, to grow.

glok, clock, or watch, timepiece.

glol, glory.

gloom, glum

glory, glol.

glow, glut.

glök, bell.

glöp, globe.

glum, gloom.

glun, ground.

glup, group.

glut, glow, -ön.

glüg, church.

glünik, green.

gnob, button.

to go, golön.

to go out, segolön.

GOD.

gold, golüd.

golden, golüdik.

golön, to go.

golüd, gold.

gonön, to run.

good, gudik.

good fortune, läb.

goodness, gud.

goose, gan.

GOSPEL.

gov, government.

-ön, to govern.

to govern, govön.

government, gov.

, even.

gödel, morning.

gön, favor, -ön.

grace, ben, venud.

grade, slep.

gradual, pianik.

grain, glen.

grammar, glamat.

grandfather, fatel.

grasp, gleip, -ön.

grass, yeb.

gratultous, glatik.

gray, gedik.

great, gletik.

greatness, glet.

green, glünik.

to greet, glidön.

greeting, glid.

grief, döl, glif.

to grind, gleinön.

ground, glun.

group, glup.

to grow, glofön.

guarantee, spon.

gud, goodness.

-ik, good.

to guess, rätön.

guest, lot.

gug, throat.

gulde, dukiel.

to gulde, dugön, dukön.

gultar, züt.

gun, coat.

gun, gün.

gustul = jölul.

gut, taste.

gümnad, gymnasium, college.

gün, gun.

gymnasium (college), gümnad.

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H

hair, hel.

half, laf, teldil.

hand, nam.

handkerchief, nudod.

to hang, lägön, lagön.

hap, harp.

happiness, beat, läb.

happy, beatik.

hard, düfik.

harp, hap.

haste, spid.

to hasten, spidön.

hat, hät.

hate, het.

to hate, hetön.

haughty, pleidik.

to have, labön.

hät, hat.

he, om.

health, saun.

healthful, saunlik.

healthy, saunik.

head, kap.

heap, kum.

to hear, lilön.

heart, lad.

heat, hit.

heaven, sil, sül.

hel, hair.

help, yuf, -ön.

here, is.

hero, jamep.

herself, of it.

to hesitate, zogön.

het, hate, -ön.

to hide, sävön.

high, geilik.

hight, geil.

himself, om it.

hit, heat.

-ik, hot.

to hit, dlefön.

hitherto, jünu.

hog, hole.

hog, svin.

to hold, kipön.

hole, hog.

Holland, Nedän.

home, lom.

hon, horn.

honor, lestim.

honor, stim, -ön.

hook, huk.

hope, spel, -ön.

horn, hon.

horse, jeval.

hospitality, lotad.

host, lotel.

hot, hitik.

hotel, loted.

hour, düp.

house, dom.

how ? liko ? lio- ?

hult, oyster.

huk, hook.

human, menik.

humanity, menad.

hundred, tum.

hunger, pötüt.

to hunt, yagön.

husband, matel.

hyphen, fetanamal.

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I

i, also (id).

I, ob.

ibo, for (because).

ice, glad.

idea, döl.

IF.

ill, malädik.

illness, maläd.

image, mag.

immediate, fovik.

immediately, foviko.

immortality, nedeilöf.

impression, bük.

IN.

is, here.

inclination, klin.

inclination, slop.

to incline, slopön.

inconceivable, nesuemik.

indeed, vo.

Indian, nidian.

influence, flun.

industrial, dustodik.

industrious, dutik.

industry, dut, dustod.

to inform, nünön.

to inherit, gelütön.

iniquity, negit.

instead, pla.

institution, stit.

instruction, tid, -am.

instrument, stum.

intellect, kapäl.

interest, nited, fien.

international, bevünetik.

interruption, rop (-ön).

invention, datuv.

iron, lel.

island, nisul.

it, -self.

it, om, os.

Italian, tälel, tälik.

Italy, Täl.

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J

jad, shadow.

jaf, creation.

-ön, to create.

jal, shell.

jalep, severity.

jamänavin, champagne.

jamep, hero.

January, balul.

jap, sharpness.

-ik, sharp.

jäf, business.

jedön, to throw.

jek, terror.

jel, shelter, protection, -ön.

jem, shame.

-ön, to be ashamed.

jemad, scheme, plan.

jep, flock.

jen, fact.

jeval, horse.

Jew, yudel.

jewel, bijut.

Jewish, yudik.

jilik, feminin.

jim, scissors, shears.

jin, appearance.

-ön, to appear.

jip, sheep.

jireg, queen.

jitidel [female] teacher.

jok, thrust.

-ön, to thrust.

joke, cog.

jol, shore.

jonön, to show, point.

jonels, hands of a watch.

journey, täv.

joy, gäl, yof.

jöl, eight.

jönik, beautiful.

jötön, to close, conclude.

judge, cödel.

to judge, cödön.

jueg, sugar.

jult, enjoyment.

juk, shoe.

jul, school.

-el, scholar.

July, velul.

June, mälul.

just, eb.

justice, cöd.

jutön, to shoot.

, till.

jüf, cipher, cryptogram.

jünu, till now, hitherto.

Back to top...

K

ka, than.

kad, card.

kadem, academy.

-al, academician.

kaf, coffce.

kal, account.

-av, arithmetic.
-ön, to calculate.

kalad, character.

kaled, calendar.

kalod, cold.

kan, art.

Kanadän, Canada.

kanit, song.

-ön, to sing.

kanob, I can, I am able.

kanön, to be able.

kap, head.

-äl, intellect.
-älön, to understand.

kased, castle.

kat, cat.

katad, capital (investment).

katan, captain.

katolik, catholic.

kautö ! look out, be careful.

kav, cellar.

kazet, accent.

käd, cash, -ön.

käl, care.

känem, artillery.

känüd, candor.

kätan, chestnut.

ked, row, rank,

to keep, bekipön.

kel, who, which.

kelied, compassion.

keolön, to address a person by the pronoun ol (instead of the ceremonial form ons formerly used).

ket, chain.

kevobel, fellow-worker.

key, kik.

kezenodön, to concentrate.

kid, kiss, -ön.

kiemav, chemistry.

-el, chemist.

kif ? who ? (feminin).

kik, key.

-ön, to shut.

kiss, kid.

kikod ? why ?

kil, three.

kildil, third, 1/3.

to kill, funön.

kim ? who ?

-id ? what, in numerical order ?
-ik ? what kind of ?

kimfal, kimafal, kimefal, kimifal, names of the cases.

kin, boldness.

kinän, kingdom or empire, realm.

kind, bid.

king, reg.

kiom ? which ? which one ?

kiöp ? where ?

kiplad ? where ?

-i ? whither ?

kipön, to hold.

kis ? what?

kitchen, kuk.

kiüp ? when ?

klad, class.

klat, brilliancy, distinction, -ik.

klän, seeret.

kled, cradle.

klig, war.

klil, clear.

klim, crime.

klin, inclination.

klon, crown.

klop, crop.

klot, garment.

klöd, belief.

-ön, to believe.
-at, credit.

klöf, cloth.

klub, society, club.

klud, consequence, conclusion.

kluf, nail.

klüm, climate.

knife, neif.

knight, montiel.

knot, snob.

to know, nolön.

to know, sevön.

knowledge, nol.

ko, with.

kod, cause.

kodem, condemnation.

kodöt, conduct.

koef, conression, -ön.

kof, ridicule.

kofud, confusion.

kolun, colony.

kolüm, column.

komed, recommendation.

-ön, to recommend.

komip, combat.

komit, order, commission.

komplig, complication.

kon, story, tale.

konfid, confidence.

konlet, collection, -ön.

konod, counting-room.

-el, clerk.

konsal, consul.

konsäl, advice.

konsefön, to preserve.

konsid, consideration.

konsien, conscience.

konzed, concert.

kop, body.

-ik, bodily.

kopan, act of accompanying.

-al, companion, member.
-el, partner.
-öm, company (mercantile).

koped, copper.

kosien, conscience.

kostön, to cost.

koten, contentment, -ik.

kotin, cotton.

, where.

köd, sculpture.

ködutön, to hire.

ködütön, to let for hire.

köl, color.

kömön, to come.

kön, coin.

köp, cup.

kösöm, custom.

kösel, cousin.

kösumön, to consume.

köt, cut.

köv, envelope.

krit, [a] christian.

krüt, criticism.

-el, critic.

kud, care (of the sick), -ön, -ik.

kuk, kitchen.

-el, cook.
-ön, to cook.

kulad, precision.

kuliv, civilization, culture.

kum, heap.

kun, cow.

kusad, accusation.

, when.

kü- (prefix), cubic.

küb, cube.

Back to top...

L

labedön, to possess.

labön, to have.

lad, heart.

-lik, cordial.

ladet, address (of letter), -ön.

ladyek, adjectiv.

lack, def.

lady, läd.

laf, half.

lafab, alphabet.

lafik, half.

lagön, to hang (intransitiv).

lain, wool.

{lak,

lake.}

lakif, share of stock, bond.

laltüg, article (in periodical).

lam, arm.

lamb, liäm.

lan, soul.

land, län.

laned, country (not town).

-ik, rural.

lanel, angel.

language, pük.

lanim, courage.

lapin, robbery.

-ön, to rob.

lasam, Assembly, Convention, Congress.

last, lätik.

to last, dulön.

lasum, reception.

-ön, to receive (a person).

lat, late, tardy.

laugh, smil.

late, lat.

laundry, viötöp.

laut, authorship.

-el, author.
-ön, to compose.

lavogel, advocate, attorney.

law, lon.

lawyer, lavogel.

to lay, seitön.

lazy, nedutik.

läb, happiness, good fortune.

-ik, fortunate.

läd, lady.

lägön, to hang [anything].

län, land (not water), country (one’s own).

läsev, approval.

lätik, last.

leaf, bled.

leak, voad.

leap, bun, -ön.

to learn, lenadön.

leather, skit.

to leave, letön.

lebijop, archbishop.

leblimön, to establish, erect.

leböb, bank.

ledik, red.

left, nedet.

leful, perfection.

-ik, perfect.
-nik, complete.

lefüd, east.

leg, authenticity.

legiv, present, gift.

legudik, very good.

leig, equality.

-ik, equal.

leil, mile.

leit, lightness (not heavy), -ik.

lektin, electricity.

lel, iron.

-od, railroad.

lelit, lightning.

lem, [a] purchase.

-ön, to buy.
-acem, store, shop.

lemän, remAinder.

lemuf, shake.

len, at.

lenad, learning.

-ön, to learn.

length, loned.

leno, not at all, no indeed.

lenpük, address (speech).

leod, order, arrangement.

-ik, orderly.

lep, ape.

leplekön, to worship.

lesevam, recognition.

lesi, yes certainly.

leson, prince.

lesson, tidüp.

lestim, honor.

letön, to leave.

letter, tonab, pened.

leül, oil.

levemol, very much indeed.

lezif, city.

li ? indicates a question.

liab, linen.

liäm, lamb.

liän, line (of poetry), verse.

liät, litre.

lib, liberty, freedom.

-ik, free.

liberty, lib.

licin, derivation.

to lie, seistön.

lieb, vine.

lied, pain.

lieg, riches, wealth.

-ik, rich, wealthy.

lielön, to listen.

lien, line (from one point to another).

lieutenant, liötan.

liev, hare.

lif, life.

-ik, alive.
-ön, to live.

life, lif.

to lift, tovön.

lig, liquor.

light (noun), lit.

light (not heavy), leitik.

lightning, lelit,

liko ? how ?

liköf, quality.

lil, ar.

-ön, to hear.

lilädön, to read.

{lim,

limb, member.}

limep, emperor.

lin, ring.

line, lien.

lined, interior.

lineg, tongue.

linen, liab.

linkip = lotel.

lio- ? how ?

liötan, lieutenant.

LIP.

liquor, lig.

lisäl, reason.

{lised,

list.}

to listen, lielön.

lit, light (illumination).

{literat,

literature.}

litre, liät.

to live, lifön.

livik, loose.

living, lifik.

lo, in front of.

load, lod.

lob, praise, -ön.

lobed, obedience (-ön).

locality, top.

lod, load.

loeg, observation (-ön).

lof, offer, -ön.

log, eye.

-ön, to see.

logic, tikav.

lok, mirror.

lol, rose.

lom, home (native country).

lon, law.

loned, length.

-ik, long.

long, lonedik.

look out ! kautö !

loose, livik.

lop, opera.

lord, sölal.

loss, pölüd.

lot, guest.

-ad, hospitality.
-el, host, entertainer.
-adön, to receive hospitality.
-ed, hotel.

lotogaf, orthography.

love-, over-.

love, löf, -ön.

lovegivön, to hand over, to present.

lovely, löflik.

lovepolön, to translate.

{lovik,

low, inaudible.}

low, bapik.

lödön, to live, dwell.

löf, love.

-ön, to love.
-ik, dear.
-lik, lovely.

lög, leg.

lölik, whole.

lömib, rain.

lönik, own proper.

lönön [eke], to belong.

lönef, peculiarity.

lönug, idiom.

löp, top.

Löstakin, Austria.

lubegel, beggar.

lufat, step-father.

lugiv, loan.

luib, wheel.

lul, five.

lulak, swamp.

luldil, fifth, 1/5.

lusanel, quack-doctor.

Lusän, Russia.

-el, Russian.

lusölel, tyrant.

lut, air.

luumo, less.

luüno, least.

luvelat, probability.

luvomik, effeminate.

lüdik, rude.

lüedik, raw.

lüen, degree.

lüod, direction (towards).

lüvön, to quit, leave, abandon.

lüxam, luxury.

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M

ma, in conformity with.

mab, marble.

machine, cin.

mad, ripe.

Madam, vom.

maeg, illustration.

maf, measure.

-od, moderation.

mag, image, representation.

{magif,

magnificence.}

to mail, potön.

majesty, mayed.

mak, mark (German money).

makab, curiosity, wonderful thing.

-ik, remarkable.

to make, mekön.

maläd, sickness, illness.

-ik, sick, ill.

male, manik.

malit, market.

man, man (not woman).

-ik, male, masculin.
-lik, manly.

man, man, men.

manif, openness.

-ön, to open.
-öf, publicity.

manly, manlik.

manufactory, fablüd.

many, mödik.

marble, mab.

March, kilul.

mark (money), mak.

market, malit.

marriage, mat.

to marry, matön.

masculin, manik.

{masel,

master.}

mat, marriage.

-el, husband.
-ön, to marry.
-adit, divorce.

{material,

materik.}

matter, stöf.

May, lulul.

mayed, majesty.

mayul = lulul.

mäk, postage stamp.

mäkab, celebrity, -ik.

mäl, six.

mälüdel, Friday.

mäzul = kilul.

me, with, by means of.

means, med.

measure, maf.

meat, mit.

meb, recollection.

med, means.

{medicin,

medin.}

{medit,

meditation.}

meil, flour.

mekön, to make.

mel, sea.

melak, traffic.

melid, merit.

-ön, to deserve.

{melod,

melody.}

Melop, America.

mem, memory.

-ön, to remember.

memory, mem, meb.

men, man (human being).

-ad, humanity.
-ik, human.

menod, correction, -ön.

merchandise, can.

merchant, tedel.

mercy, misal.

merit, melid, -ön.

mesed, reward, -ön.

met, metre (39 inches).

METAL.

metre, met.

mid, flesh.

mid-day, zendel.

middle, zenod.

mied, boundary.

miegik, meek.

miel, honey.

mig, mixture.

migration, tev.

mil, thousand.

milag, wonder.

mileg, butter.

milig, milk.

milit, army.

-äl, military spirit.
-ik, military.

military, militik.

milk, milig.

mill, mül.

min, mineral.

-av, mineralogy.

mind, tikäl.

mineral, min.

{minut,

minute}

miot, dirt.

mirror, lok.

misalad, mercy.

miser, monälan.

mistake, pök.

Mister, Söl.

mit, meat.

to mix, migön.

mob, proposal.

-ön, to propose.

mobin, absence.

{mod,

mode.}

mofü, outside of.

mol, gentleness.

molad, fashion.

mon, money.

-äl, avarice.
-älan, miser.

{monarchy,

monäk.}

monedön, to warn, admonish.

money, mon.

monitön, to ride on horseback.

month, mul.

montiäl, chivalry.

montiel, knight, chevalier.

moon, mun.

morning, gödel.

mostep, progress, -ön.

mot, mother.

-apük, mother-tongue.

mother, mot.

mountain, bel.

mouse, mug.

month, mud.

movement, muf.

möb, piece of furniture.

möd, quantity, multitude.

-ik, many, much.
-umik, several.

mögik, possible.

mölod, murder.

mön, wall.

mud, mouth.

muedik, mute, dumb.

muf, movement.

-ön, to move.

mug, mouse.

mul, month.

multitude, möd.

mun, moon.

mundel = telüdel.

murmur, mür.

musam, conversation.

{music,

musig.}

mute, muedik.

mutön, to be compelled.

mutob, I must.

müedik, soft.

mül, mill.

mür, murmur, -ön.

mütön, to compel.

myself, ob it.

Back to top...

N

na, after (conjunction, not preposition).

nab, narrowness.

nad, needle, pin.

naf, ship.

nag, same as na (before a vowel).

nail, kluf.

nam, hand.

name, nem, -ön.

narrow, nabik.

nat, nature.

-ik, natural.

nation, net.

national, netik.

natural, natik.

nature, nat.

nägön, to sew.

näm, force, energy.

near, nilik, nilü.

nearness, nil.

nebin, non-existence.

nebü, beside.

necessity, zesüd.

neck, nökeb.

ned, need, -ön.

nedanik, ungrateful.

Nedän, Holland.

nedeilöf, immortality.

nedelidik, cheap.

nedet, left [hand].

nedut, laziness.

need, ned, -ön.

needle, nab.

nef, nephew.

nefikul, ease, facility.

-ik, easy.

neflen, enemy.

negit, wrong.

-ik, wrong, iniquitous.

to neglect, zögön.

neif, knife.

neit, night.

neither, ni.

nek, nobody.

nelab, privation.

nelfan, elephant.

Nelij, England.

-el, Englishman.
-ik, English.
-apük, English language.

nem, name, -ön.

nemödik, few not much.

nen, without.

nepematel, bachelor, single man.

nephew, nef.

nepük, silence.

nerve, nev.

nes, without (before infinitiv).

nestim, dishonor, -ön.

nesuemik, inconceivable.

net, nation.

-ik, national.

{neudik,

neuter.}

nev, nerve.

nevertheless, deno.

nevilön, to refuse.

new, nulik.

news, nun.

newspaper, gased.

ni, neither, nor.

nid, brilliance.

-ik, brilliant.
-ön, to glitter.

Nidian, Indian.

nif, snow, -ön.

-atim, winter.

nig, ink.

night, neit.

nil, nearness, -ik.

niludam, opinion, meaning.

nilü, near (preposition).

nim, animal.

nin, contents.

nine, zül.

nisul, island.

nited, interest.

-ik, interesting.

niver, university.

no, not, no.

no, no, nonik.

nob, nobility.

-ik, noble.
-aston, precious stone.

nobility, nob.

noble, nobik, baonik.

nobody, nek.

noel, witness.

-ön, to testify.

noetön, to note.

nog, yet, as yet.

nogan, organ.

noise, böset.

nol, science, knowledge.

-ön, to know.
-ik, scientific.

nolüd, north.

nom, rule.

none, nonik.

non-existence, nesibin, nebin.

nonik, none, no (adjectiv).

noon, zendel.

nor, ni.

north, nolüd.

nos, nothing.

-ön, to annul.

nose, nud.

not, no.

{not,

note.}

to note, noetön.

nothing, nos.

noun, subsat.

nourishment, nulüd.

novelty, nul.

November, babul (balsebalul).

novul = babul.

nög, egg.

nök, uncle.

nökeb, neck.

nud, nose.

-od, handkerchief.

nul, novelty.

-ik, new.

nulüd, nourishment (-ön).

num, number (how many).

-ön, to count.

number, num, -ön, nüm, -ön.

nun, news ;

-od, report.
-ön, to announce.

nüm, number (No.)

nün, information.

Back to top...

O

O! oh! (sign or address).

oath, yul.

ob, I.

to obey, lobedön.

obligatory, bligik.

oblivion, föget.

observation, loeg.

occasion, pöt.

October, balsul.

odelo, to-morrow.

of, dö, de.

of, she.

offer, lof, -ön.

ofen, often.

-ik, frequent.

ok, one’s self.

ol, you (thou).

office, cal.

official, (noun) calel ; (adjectiv) calik.

often, ofen.

oil, leül.

old, bäledik.

old age, bäled.

old man, bäledan.

om, he, it.

on, one, people.

on, su.

on account of, dem[ü].

once, balna, vöno.

one, bal, on.

oned, under (in rank).

only, te, lebalik.

open, manifik.

opera, lop.

opinion, niludam.

opportunity, pöt.

or, u, ud.

order, boned, büd, leod.

to order, bonedön, büdön.

organ, gel, nogan.

origin, rig.

original, rigik.

orthography, lotogaf.

os, it (not referring to any noun).

ot, same.

other, votik.

otul = balsul.

otüpo, at the same time.

ought, söt[ön].

ourselves, obs it.

out of, se.

outside of, plö, mofü.

to owe, debön.

own, lönik.

oyster, huit.

Back to top...

Ö

Back to top...

P

pab, butterfly.

paf, peacock.

pag, village.

page, flan.

pain, lied.

painting, pän.

pair, pal.

pakam, diffusion (of knowledge).

pal, pair.

palet, party (faction).

panön, to pawn, .

paper, pöp.

part, dil.

particular, patik.

partisan, züpel.

party (sect), palet.

patience, sufad.

pap, pope.

patik, special, particular.

patüp, pätüp, petüp, pitüp, potüp, putüp, names of tenses.

{paud,

pause.}

to pawn, panön.

to pay, pelön.

pädel, curate, pastor.

päk, package.

pän, painting.

pät, patent.

peace, püd.

peacock, paf.

peb, pulse.

Pebaltats, the United States.

pecälel, employee.

ped, press.

pejin, pigeon, dove.

pelön, to pay.

PEN.

-ön, to write.
-ed, letter, epistle.
-äd, writing, written-matter.

people, pop, on.

to perceive, dalogön.

perfect, lefulnik.

perfection, leful.

perhaps, ba.

permission, däl.

to permit, dälön.

person, pösod.

to persuade, suadön.

pesevik, well-known.

phonetics, fonetig.

physician, sanel.

pianik, gradual.

pidön, to regret.

pien, -ik, fat.

pigeon, pejin.

pin, fat, -ik.

pin, nad.

{pip,

pipe.}

pla, instead.

place, plad, top.

plad, place (in which to put something).

plag, practice.

plak, experience, -ön.

{plan,

plant.}

plat, plane.

plaud, plow.

play, pled, -ön.

plä, besides.

pläg, exercise.

plän, explanation.

to please, plidön [eke].

pleasure, gälod.

pled, play.

-ön, to play.

pleid, haughtiness.

pleit, pride.

plek, prayer.

-ön, to pray.

plepalön, to prepare.

plidön [eke], to please.

plidik, agreeable.

plim, compliment.

-ik, complimentary.
-ön, to compliment.

plin, prince.

plisen, presence.

plisip, principle.

plivad, privacy.

plo, for.

plofed, professor.

plon, complaint.

plotet, protest.

plovin, province.

plow, plaud.

ployeg, project.

plö, outside of.

plöpön, to succeed (but the thing "succeeds" to the person, bos plöpos eke).

plu, more.

plum, lead.

plüt, politeness.

-ik, polite.

po, after, behind.

pocket, pok.

poed, poetry.

-at, poem.
-el, poet.

poem, poedat.

poet, poedel.

poison, venod.

poetry, poed.

point, pün.

pok, pocket.

pokaglok, watch.

polen, police.

politeness, plüt (-ik).

politics, bolit.

politician, bolitel.

polön, to carry, wear.

pon, bridge.

poor, pöfik.

pop, people.

pope, pap.

portion, dedil.

portrait, demag.

pos, after (in time).

to possess, labedön.

possible, mögik.

postal , potik.

post office, pot.

pot, post (-office).

-ön, to post, mail.

potato, pötet.

pound (20 shillings), steab.

pound (weight), paun.

power, valüd.

pöf, poverty.

-ik, poor.

pöfüdik, useful.

pök, fault, mistake.

pölig, danger.

pölivegam, a-going astray.

pölüd, loss.

-ön, to lose.

pömet, promise.

pön, punishment.

pönit, repentance.

pöp, paper.

pösod, person.

pöt, occasion, opportunity.

-ik, appropriate.
, ol, the occasion of.

pötet, potato.

pötit, appetite.

pötüt, hunger.

pözet, lawsuit.

practice, plag.

praise, lob, -ön.

to pray, plekön.

prayer, plek.

präm, prize.

to preach, predön.

precise, kuladik.

precision, kulad.

pred, sermon.

-ön, to preach.

to prefer, bizugön.

preference, bizugam.

prefix, bisilab.

to prepare, plepalön.

present (gift), legiv.

president, bisiedal, bisiedel.

press, ped.

pretense, simul.

to prevent, viatön.

pride, pleid.

prince, leson, regason.

principle, plisip.

to print, bükön.

printer, bükel.

private, plivadik.

privation, nelab.

prize, präm.

probable, luvelatik.

process, bit.

professor, plofed.

progress, mostep, -ön.

project, ployeg.

promise, pömet, -ön.

proof, blöf.

proposal, mob.

to propose, mobön.

to protect, jelön.

protest, plotet, -ön.

{protestan,

protestant.}

province, plovin.

prudent, visedik.

to publish, pübön.

publüg, public.

pubön, to appear, as a new publication.

pug, battle.

pul, boy.

pun, fist.

to punish, pönön.

purchase, lem, -ön.

püblig, republic.

pübön, to publish.

püd, peace.

pük, language.

-ön, to speak.

(For derivativs, see page 47.)

pün, point.

-il, dot.

Back to top...

Q

quack, lusanel.

quality, liköf.

quantity, möd.

quarrel, dikod, feit.

queen, jireg.

question, säk.

quick, vifik.

quickness, vif.

Back to top...

R

rabat, discount.

radical, vulik.

rage, zun.

railroad, lelod.

rain, lömib, -ön.

rarity, seled.

raw, lüedik.

rät, riddle.

-ön, to guess.

to read, lilädön.

reason, lisäl.

receipt, getapenäd.

to receive, getön.

reception, get, lasum.

reciprocal, rezipik.

recognition, lesevam.

recollection, meb.

to recommend, komedön.

recommendation, komed.

red, ledik.

redakön, to edit.

to refuse, nevilön.

reg, king.

-al, ruler.
-ön, to reign.

to regret, pidön.

to rejoice, gälönok.

rel, religion.

relating to, tefü.

relation, tef.

relativ, tefamik.

religion, rel.

remainder, lemän.

remarkable, makabik.

to remember, memön.

remoteness, fag.

to remain, blibön.

to rent from any one, ködutön.

to rent to any one, föködutön (ködütön).

to repent, pönitön.

reply, gepük, gesag.

to reply, gepükön, gesagön.

report, nunod.

republic, püblig.

request, beg.

to rescue, savön.

reticence, seil.

reticent, seilik.

{revid,

revision.}

revolution, volut.

reward, mesed.

rezipik, reciprocal.

rich, liegik.

riches, lieg.

to ride, monitön.

riddle, rät.

ridicule, kof.

rig, origin.

-ik, original.

riget, authority, control.

right, det, git.

ring, lin.

ripe, mad.

river, flum.

road, veg.

to rob, lapinön.

robbery, lapin.

Rome, Rom.

room, cem.

root, vul.

rop, interruption.

-ön, to interrupt.

Rom, Rome.

rose, lol.

{rouble,

ruab.}

rude, lüdik.

rule, nom.

to rule, sölön.

ruler, sölel.

to run, gonön.

rural, lanedik.

Russia, Lusän.

Russian, lusänel, lusänik.

Back to top...

S

sab, sand.

to sacrifice, vitimön.

safe, sefik.

sagit, arrow.

sagön [bosi eke], to say, tell.

sak, bag.

sal, salt.

sale, sel.

salt, sal.

to salute, glidön.

sam, example.

-ad, copy, specimen.

same, ot.

to sanction, zepön.

san, sab.

sanel, physician.

sap, wisdom.

-ik, wise.

satin, silk.

saun, health.

-ik, healthy, well.
-lik, healthful.
-ön, to convalesce.

savage, foetäb, foetik.

savings, späl.

savings-bank, spälastit.

savön, to rescue.

to say, sagön.

sägo, even.

säk, question.

-ön, to ask.

säl, hall.

sävön, to hide.

sätik, sufficient, enough.

scandal, skan.

scheme, jemad.

scholar, julel.

school, jul.

science, nol.

scientific, nolik.

scissors, jim.

sculpture, köd.

se, out of.

sea, mel.

search (for), sük, -ön.

seat, sied.

to seat, siadön.

secret, klän, klänik.

section, sekion.

sedön, to send, to forward, to ship.

to see, logön.

see there ! ekusi !

sefik, safe.

segiv, expenditure.

segivam, edition.

segolön, to go out.

segun, according to.

seil, reticence.

-ik, reticent.
-ön, to keep silent.

seistön, to lie.

seitön, to lay.

sek, consequence, result.

sekion, section.

sekusadön, to excuse.

sel, sale.

-ön, to sell.

seled, rarity.

to sell, selön, sem, some.

sembal, a certain.

sen, feeling.

to send, sedön.

sened, exterior.

senit, attention.

-ön, to attend, give attention to.

sense, siäm.

sentab, cent.

sentence, set.

sep, sepulchre, tomb.

sepet, expression.

to separate, teilön.

seplän, explanation.

-ön, to explain.

September, zülul.

sepulchre, sep.

serious, fefik.

sermon, pred.

servant, dünan.

to serve, dünön.

sesum, exception.

, excepting.

set, sentence.

setopam, exposition.

setul = zülul.

seväl, election.

seven, vel.

severe, jalepik.

sevön, to know, be acquainted with.

to sew, nägön.

shadow, jad.

shake, lemuf, -ön.

shame, jem.

share of stock, lakif.

sharpness, jap, -ik.

she, of.

sheep, jip.

shell, jal.

shelter, jel, tegöp.

shepherd, jepel.

ship, naf.

shoe, juk.

to shoot, jutön.

shore, jol.

short, blefik.

shove, dlan, -ön.

to show, jonön.

to shut, kikön.

si, yes.

siadön, to seat.

siäm, sense.

sibin, existence.

-ön, to exist.

sick, malädik.

sickness, maläd.

sid, seed.

side, flan.

sied, seat.

-ön, to sit.

sif, citizen.

to sign, disopenön.

sikod, therefore.

sil, sky, heaven.

silab, syllable.

silef, silver.

silence, nepük.

silk, satin.

Silop, Asia.

silver, silef.

simple, balik.

simul, pretense.

SIN, -ön.

since, sis.

to sing, kanitön.

single, dabalik.

sir, söl.

sis, since.

sit, system.

to sit, siedön.

six, mäl.

skan, scandal.

skäm, vagrant.

{skil,

skill.}

SKIN.

skit, lcalther.

sky sil.

similar, sümik.

{slaf,

slave.}

sleep, slip, -ön.

{slen,

slenderness.}

slep, grade.

slet, slate.

to slide down, disislifön.

slip, sleep, -ön.

slop, inclination.

-ön, to incline.
-el, partisan, adherent.

slud, resolution, decision.

sma- (prefix), small.

smal, smallness.

-ik, small.

small, smalik.

smallness, smal.

{smel, -ön,

smell.}

smil, laugh, -ön.

smile, smül, -ön.

{smok, -ön,

smoke.}

smül, smile.

snek, snake, serpent.

snob, knot.

snow, nif, -ön.

so, also, so.

so, so, thus.

soal, solitude.

-ik, solitary, alone.

{soap,

sob.}

society, klub, sog.

sod, but.

soft, müedik.

sog, society.

-ik, social.

sol, sun.

{solat,

soldier.}

soldel = balüdel.

solemn, zelik.

solitary, soalik.

solitude, soal.

solutik, loose.

som, such.

-ik, such (kind of).

some, ans, anik.

somebody, ek.

some one, ek.

something, bos.

sometimes, sotimo.

SON.

song, kanit.

soon, suno.

{sort,

sot.}

sotimo, sometimes.

soul, lan.

sound, ton.

south, sulüd.

sovemo, so much, to such a degree.

söl, Sir, Mr.

-al, lord.
-ön, to rule.
-el, ruler.

sötön, sötob, I ought.

{space,

spad.}

spat, walk.

-in, walking-stick.
-ön, to walk.

späl, savings.

-astit, savings-bank.
-ik, frugal.

to speak, pükön.

special, patik.

specimen, samad.

spel, hope, -ön.

spid, haste (-ön).

spinner, spulel.

spirit, tikäl.

spod, correspondence.

-ön, to correspond.

spon, guarantee.

spring, fon, flolatim.

spulel, spinner.

stabön, to establish.

stad, state, situation.

-ön, to be in a certain state or condition.

{staf,

staff.}

stain, sten.

stamp, postage, mäk.

{to stand,

stanön.}

star, stel.

state, stad, tat.

station (railroad), stejen.

staud, restaurant.

to stay, stebön.

steab, pound sterling, £.

to steal, tiron.

steam, stem.

stebön, to stay.

sted, straightness, -ik.

steel, dülin.

steif, endeavor, -ön.

stejen, station, depot.

stel, star.

stem, steam.

-abot, steam boat.
-acin, steam-engine.
-anaf, steamship.

sten, stain.

stenüd, strength.

-ik, strong.

step, -ön, advance.

stepfather, lufat.

{stif,

stifik.}

still, takik, stilik.

stim, honor, -ön.

stip, condition, stipulation.

stit, establishment.

stom, weather.

{ston,

stone.}

story, kon.

stove, fön.

stool, stulil.

stöf, matter.

straight, stedik.

straightness, sted.

street, süt.

strength, stenüd.

to strike, flapön.

strong, stenüdik.

{stud, -ön,

to study.}

stul, chair.

-il, stool.

stum, instrument.

stun, astonishment.

{stup, stupidity, -ik, -el.

stupidity.}

stül, style.

stüm, esteem.

su, on.

suadön, to persuade, convince.

suam, sum, total.

suäm, amount, price.

subject, yeg.

subsat, noun.

to subscribe for, bonedön.

subscription, boned.

to succeed, plöpön (he succeeds, plöpos ome).

such, som, somik.

sud, deafness.

suf, action of enduring.

-ad, patience.
-ön, to endure.

sugar, jueg.

sukön, to follow.

sulüd, south.

sum, suam, suäm.

sumön, to take.

sun, sol.

Sunday, balüdel.

suno, soon.

sük, search, -ön.

süm, similarity.

süt, street.

svin, hog.

swamp, lulak.

to swear, yulön.

swift, vifik.

sword, den.

Back to top...

T

ta, against, in opposition to.

{tab,

table.}

tabled, branch (department).

taen, tannery.

-ön, to tan.

tailor, teladel.

to take, sumön.

take care ! kautö !

to take place, zitön.

takön, to be quiet, to stop.

tal, earth.

{talen,

talent.}

tan, tie, band.

tannery, taen.

Talop, Australia.

taste, gut.

tat, state (government).

Täl, Italy.

-ik, Italian (adjectiv).
-el, Italian (noun).

täno, then.

täv, journey.

-el, traveler.

te, only.

to teach, tidön.

teacher, tidel.

tear (teer), dlen.

teat, theatre.

ted, commerce.

-el, merchant.
-ön, to trade.

tef, relation.

, relating to.
-amik, relativ.

teg, cover, -ön.

-öp, shelter.

teilön, to separate.

tel, two, 2.

telad, tailor-work.

-el, tailor.
-öp, tailor shop.

teldik, many a.

{telegaf, -ön.

telegraph.}

{telefon,

telephone.}

to tell, sagön.

temip, cowardice.

tempest, tep.

ten, bals.

tenön, to stretch, extend.

-al, eternity.
-alo, for ever.

{tened,

tent.}

tenth, balsid.

tenüd, temption.

tep, tempest.

terror, jek.

tevön, to wander, migrate.

test, bluf.

to testify, noelön.

than, ka.

to thank, danön [eke].

thanks, dan.

that, das, dat, et, ut.

theatre, teat.

themselves, oms it, ofs it.

then, täno.

there, us, or untranslatable.

therefore, sikod.

thick, bigik.

thief, tif.

thing, din.

to think, tikön.

third, 1/3, kildil.

this, this one, at.

this year, ayelo.

though, do.

thought, tik.

thousand, mil.

thread, fad.

three, kil.

throat, gug.

throne, tlon.

through, da, dub.

thrust, jok.

thus, also.

thunder, töt, -ön.

ti, almost.

tiäd, title.

tid, instruction.

-el, teacher.
-ön, to teach.
-üp, lesson, lesson-time.
-am, instruction.

tif, thief.

-ön, to steal.

tik, thought.

-ön, to think
-av, logic.
-äl, mind, spirit.

till, jüs, jü.

till now, jünu.

{tim,

time.}

timid, tlepik.

TIN.

TIP, extremity.

tlat, draft, for drawing money.

tläp, trap.

tlät, treachery.

tlep, fright.

-ön, to frighten.
-ik, timid.

tlid, step, -ön.

tlod, consolation.

tlon, throne.

tlup, troop.

to, al.

to-day, adelo.

tof, drop.

tom, torment.

tomb, sep.

ton, sound.

-ab, letter (of alphabet).

tongue, lineg.

too, tu.

tooth, tut.

top, place, locality.

top, löp.

total, suam.

tour, tüd.

tourist, tüdel.

tovön, to lift.

towards, äl.

town, zif.

töb, trouble.

tök, exchange, barter, -ön.

tölatön, to treat.

tötön, to thunder.

trade, feb.

to trade, tedön.

transcript, depenäd.

to translate, lovepolön.

translation, lovepolam.

treasure, div.

to treat, tölatön.

tree, bim.

trial, blüf.

troor, tlup.

trouble, töb.

true, velatik.

truth, velat.

tu, too, excessivly.

tub, barrel.

tudelo = adelo.

tug, virtue.

tuged, community.

-ik, common.

tum, hundred.

tup, disturbance, -ön.

tusdel = kilüdel.

tut, tooth.

tuvön, to find.

tüd, tour.

two, tel.

tyrant, lusölel.

Back to top...

U

u, ud, or.

uf --- ud, either --- or.

umo, more.

uncle, nök.

to understand, kapälön.

ungrateful, nedanik.

union, balad.

to unite, balön.

United States, Pebaltats, Tats Pebalöl.

unify, yum.

universe, val.

university, niver.

us, there.

use, geb, -ön.

useful, pöfüdik.

ut, that (before relativ).

Back to top...

Ü

ül- (prefix), original, primitiv.

Back to top...

V

va, whether.

vab, wagon, carriage.

vaf, weapon.

vagik, empty, vacant.

vibrant, skäm.

vain, vanik.

val, universe.

valadön, to wait for, to await.

valik, all.

-odik, general, universal.

valuable, völadik.

value, völad.

valüd, power (-ik).

vam, warmth (-ik).

vanik, vain, deceptiv.

vat, water.

vatükön, to wash.

vädik, wrong.

vägödelo, every morning.

ve, along.

vedön, to become.

veg, road.

, via.

veit, width (-ik).

veköm, welcome.

vel, seven, 7.

velat, truth (-ik).

velät, exactness (-ik).

velib, verb.

velüdel, Saturday.

ven, when.

vendel, evening.

venod, poison, venom.

venud, grace.

venüd, risk, venture, -ön.

verb, velib.

verse, liän.

vesdel = folüdel.

vesüd, west.

vet, weight.

veüt, importance (-ik).

{to vex,

vexadön.}

viâ, vegü.

viatön, to prevent.

victim, vitim.

victory, vikod.

vidik, broad.

vie- (prefix), white-.

vien, wind.

vietik, white.

vif, quickness, swiftness.

-ik, quick, swift.

vig, week.

vikod, victory, vil, will.

vin, wine.

vindit, vengeance.

vineg, sign, gesture.

{viod,

violation.}

viötöp, laundry.

vip, wish, -ön.

virtue, tug.

visedik, prudent.

VISIT, -ön.

vitim, victim.

-ön, to sacrifice.

vitön, to avoid.

viud, widowhood.

-el, widower.

viv, web.

-ön, to weave.

vo, indeed, in fact.

voad, leak.

vob, work, -ön.

vobuk, work (book).

vokön, to call.

vol, world.

-apük, world-language.
-apükatidel, teacher of the world-language.

volut, revolution.

vom, woman, wife, Mrs.

-ül, Miss.

vot, alteration.

-ön, to alter.
-am, (an) alteration.
-ik, other, another.

vöd, word.

-asbuk, dictionary.

vög, voice.

-od, vote.

vökäds, the letters ä, ö, ü.

völad, value (-ik).

-alised, price list.

vöno, once, formerly.

vul, root.

-ik, radical.

vum, worm.

vun, wound, -ön.

vut, rage.

vülik, arbitrary.

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W

wagon, vab.

to wait for, valadön [eki].

waiter, bötel.

walk, spat, -ön.

walking-stick, spatin.

wall, mön.

war, klig.

warm, vamik.

warmth, vam.

to warn, monedön.

to wash, vatükön.

watch, glok, pokaglok.

to watch, galön.

water, vat.

weakness, fib.

wealth, lieg (-ik).

to wear, polön.

to weave, vivön.

web, viv.

week, vig.

weight, vet.

welcome, veköm.

west, vesüd.

weather, stom.

what ? kis ?

what kind of ? kimik ?

wheel, luib.

when, kü, kelüp, ven.

when ? kiüp ?

where, kelöp, kö.

where ? kiöp ? kiplad ?

whether, va.

which ? kiom ?

while, du.

white, vietik.

who, kel.

who ? kim ? kif ?

whole, löl, lölik.

why ? kikod ?

wide, vidik.

widow, jiviudel.

widower, viudel.

wife, vom.

wild, foetik.

will, vil, -ön.

wind, vien.

wine, vin.

wing, flitad.

winter, nifatim.

wisdom, sap.

wise, sapik.

wish, vip.

with, ko, me.

without, nen.

witness, noel.

wornan, vom.

wonder, milag.

wood, boad.

woods, fot.

wool, lain.

word, vöd.

work, vob, -ön, vobuk.

world, vol.

wom, vum.

to worship, leplekön.

worthy, digik.

wound, vun, -ön.

to write, penön.

wrong, negitik, vädik.

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X

xam, examination.

xän, ascent (-ön).

xol, ox.

xüd, oxid.

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Y

ya, already.

yad, yard (court).

yagön, to hunt.

yam, lament, -ön.

yan, door.

yanul = balul.

yard, yad.

yän, yarn.

ye, yed, yet, nevertheless.

year, yel.

yearly, yelsik,

yeb, grass.

yed = ye.

yeg, subject.

yel, year.

-sik, yearly.
-üp, space of a year.

{yelibik,

yellow.}

yeltum, century.

yes, si.

yesdelo = ädelo.

yet, nog.

{to yield,

yilön.}

yof, joy.

-ön, to make joyful.

{yok,

yoke.}

you, ol, ols.

young, yunik.

yourself, ol it.

yourselves, ols it.

youth, yun, yunel.

yud, Judaism.

-el, Jew.
-ik, Jewish.

yuf, help, -ön.

yul, oath.

-ön, to swear.

yulibik, blue.

Yulop, Europe.

-el, -ik, European.

yulul = velul.

yum, unity concord.

yun, youth.

-ik, young.
-el, young person, youth.
-lik, youthful.

yunul = mälul.

yüf, assistance.

yül, bet.

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Z

za, about, towards, nearly.

zad, delicacy.

zädel = vefüdel.

zäl, festival.

ze, almost, nearly.

zeal, zil.

zeil, aim.

zel, solemnity.

zelad, certainty.

zen, ashes.

zendel, noon, mid-day

zenod, centre, middle.

-ik, central.

zepön, to sanction.

zesüd, necessity.

-ön, to be nceessary.

zi, around.

zib, food, article of diet.

zibasäl, dining-room.

zif, town.

zigad, cigar.

zil, zeal.

-ik, zealous.

zitön, to take place.

zog, hesitation.

zög, neglect, -ön.

zöt, ticket.

zugön, to draw.

zunön, to be angry.

züd, acid.

zül, nine.

zülul, September.

züm, circuit.

züp, adherence (to a party or sect) .

-el, partisan, adherent.

züt, guitar, cither.

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